Walsh, A. (1991). The Science of Love – Understanding Love and its Effects on Mind and Body. New York: Prometheus Books.
 Template (definition); Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, CD-ROM, version 2.5.
 Fischer E. (1894). "Einfluss der Configuration auf die Wirkung der Enzyme". Ber. Dt. Chem. Ges. 27: 2985-2993.
 (a) Watson, James, D., Hopkins, Nancy, H., Roberts, Jeffrey, W., Steitz, Joan, A., & Weiner, Alan, M. (1987). Molecular Biology of the Gene, 4th Ed. (pgs. 65-68). Menlo Park, Cali.: The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Co., Inc.
(b) Friedrich-Freksa, H. (1940). “Bei der Chromosomen konjuation Wirksame Krafte und ihre Bedeutung fur die Identische Verdoppling von Nucleoproteinen.” Naturwissenshaffen 28: 376-79.
(c) Pauling L. & Delbruck, M. (1940). “The Nature of the Intermolecular Forces Operative in Biological Processes.” Science 92: 77-79.
(d) Muller, H. J. (1947). “The Gene.” Proc, Roy. Soc. London (B) 134:1-37. A Lecture given in 1945 in which a distinguished geneticist traces the history of the gene concept and speculates about how it might function as a template.
(e) Dounce, A. L. (1952). “Duplicating Mechanisms for Peptide Chain and Nucleic Acid Synthesis.” Enzymologia (15): 251-58.
Here, first each monomeric precursor, e.g. an amino acid, is drawn to the contours of template surface by intermolecular forces. Next, after two adjacent monomeric units become fixated, a covalent bond ‘–’ forms, with the help of a polymerizing enzyme, between each unit, thus acting to build a polymeric unit, i.e. grown molecule. Once formed, the fully ordered unit will then detach from the template to serve its function elsewhere, i.e. to find a more free-energy lowering reaction somewhere else.
This basic model arose in the early 20th century, after it was found that proteins possess unique amino acid sequences; this demanded the existence of specific templates on which their amino acid building blocks are laid down18 These templates, it was found, had to be macromolecules, at least as large as the polypeptide products. By studying the nature of the chemical forces that attract small molecules to their templates, it was expected that these forces would be the same as those that attract substrates to their enzymes.19 Since these forces operate only over small distances, templates can order small molecules only when they are in close contact. During these years, it was correctly assumed that the specific attracting regions of the template would be in the same size range as the amino acid side groups in the protein products.18
This model, coincidently, is the same as Konrad Lorenz’s ‘imprinting’ in which the young infants are instinctively, i.e. electromagnetically drawn, to the attracting regions, i.e. the sensory stimulus of the parental substrate, and are then hence forth molded and shaped behaviorally off that first template and other templates to follow. In adult life, a woman may specifically attach to the attracting region of a man’s personality, ambition, wealth, or occupation. Likewise, a man may specifically attach to the attracting region of a woman’s body part, accomplishment, intelligence, or sense of humor, and in each case be molded off that template (person).
The embryo human molecule will first be intrauterine for 10 lunar months and then, on average, will spend the first 3 years of life attached in maternal-infant bond relationship to which it will template off of. Other early templates include paternal-child bonds, sibling-sibling bonds, friendship bonds, distal family bonds, imaginary bonds, or conceptual bonds lived vicariously through books, television, movies, etc. In early youth and into adolescence, these precursory templates will serve as models by which the human molecule will use to begin to test out teenage romantic-sexual templates, as are formed more vigorously in adult reaction life.
To elaborate, according to mate-selection biologist Timothy Perper, with respect to male-female interactions, or in terms of homo-, bi-, or cross-sexual relationships, templates represent a person’s indwelling images of potential sexual partners.21 It is known, for instance, that as the number of older brothers (sibling templates) one has increases, so does that chance that he will be homosexually bonded later in life.
In all romantic relationship terms, people will naturally template off each reaction collision process. If, for example, a human molecule finds and attaches to his or her first love, but then, for whatever reason, it doesn’t work out, that detached human molecule will naturally search for and seek out a second reaction love in possession of similar, but distinctly different, template properties.
Likewise, according to thermo-economist Jing Chen, according to the second law of thermodynamics ‘a random action generally costs more than it gains.’ Thus, ‘to concentrate actions into profitable ones, we like animals, often learn from the experience of successful individuals and copy their behavior.’ In general, according to Chen, it is costly and impossible to repeat all of the experiences and mistakes that are possible; therefore, we accept certain modes of behavior demonstrated by others without completely investigating the reasons behind them.22 Copying the behaviors of others directly is much easier than trial and error and often more efficient.
From a neurological attachment theory point of view, according to American neuropsychologist Allan Schore, Bowlby ‘calls for a deeper explanation of the fundamental ontogenetic mechanism by which an immature organism is critically shaped by it primordial relationship with a mature adult member of its species, i.e. for more extensive studies of how an attachment bond forms between infant and mother.33 Similarly, according to Lewis, Amini, and Lannon’s 2000 General Theory of Love, the wordless ties each of us has to others ‘determine our mood, stabilize and maintain our health, and change the structure of our brains, so that, in a very real sense, who we are and who we become depend on whom we love.’34
Likewise, American bonding researchers Stephen Bank and Michael Kahn argue that siblings are central molding factor involved in the templating of a person, more so than that of parental influence. There view is such that ‘brothers and sisters, whether the relationship has been contentious or calm, satisfying or frustrating, filled with conflict or deeply comforting, can provide the touchstones and templates which mold each other’s lives.’35
In sum, human molecular template theory holds, to a certain extent that humans are formed and templated off the people, good or bad, they meet in life. The model also posits that there exist neuro-template structures in the mind that mediate the process of psychological attachment templating. These neuro-templates will exist as combinations of carbon-based, programmable, voltage-controlled, neuronal switches that together form integrated circuits of the mind.