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Index-EIndex-MainSourcesNotes
SOURCES - E

NOTES
This glossary of human thermodynamic terms is a work-in-progress; please feel free to send e-mail, make requests, corrections, etc., on any and all issues, questions, or editions, etc.  Thank-you.
Institute of Human Thermodynamics
:: GLOSSARY ::
of
Human Thermodynamic Terms


CONTENTS
:: E ::
Earth Molecule
Efficiency
Element
Enthalpy
Entropy
Equilibrium
Exodermal Regeneration Cycle
INDEX - E
Element: a substance composed of one type of atom.

Enthalpy [H]: the quantity of a system that represents potential for molecules to bond 'physically' (i.e. energetically) to each other.

Entropy [S]: the quantity of a system that represents the potential for molecules to bond 'neurologically' (i.e. organizationally) to each other.

Equilibrium: an energetic state in which products and reactants are equally favored.  Broadly, a state in which forces are in balance.
SEE
50+ Variations of Equilibrium

Exodermal Regeneration Cycle [ERC]: the twenty-six million year process wherein the earth molecule grows, sheds, reincorporates, and renews it 'living' integumentary system (lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, biosphere).
Earth Molecule
OE50FeE49SiE49MgE49SE48AlE48NiE48CaE48CrE47NaE46KE46HE46TiE46FE45CE45PE45MnE44SrE44BaE44ClE44
VE44LiE44ZrE43RbE43ZnE44CuE43NE43BE43CeE43CoE43ScE43NdE43GaE43BeE43LaE42NbE42PbE42PrE42
SmE42ThE42GdE42DyE42YE42GeE42ArE42ErE41CsE41UrE41HfE41YbE41SnE41EuE41TaE41AsE41MoE41HoE41
WE41TbE41BrE41TlE40LuE40TmE40HeE40SbE40IE40CdE40InE40AgE40SeE40HgE39BiE39TeE39RuE38PdE38
AuE38PtE38NeE38ReE38RhE37OsE37KrE36IrE35XeE35RaE35PaE32AcE30AtE30PoE30RnE28TcE23PmE23FrE23

    SEE: Calculation & Sources; first derived by Thims in June/July of 2005
  SEE: similar (quick) Comparative Calculation - 2000
SEE: Gaia Hypothesis precursor - 1979

NOTE 1:
The need for this earth molecule 'concept' was stimulated via email communications between Libb Thims and Lawrence Chin regarding a review of Chin's A Thermodynamic Interpretation of History
[Chapter 6C, Part 1, Section 9, Sentence 25]

NOTE 2:
Such discussions, as in note 1, were precursor in mental seed to the Sloughing Hypothesis

Quotes

"The earth is a self-organizing, self-regulating system maintained far from thermodynamic equilibrium under energy flow – in these respects, it is indeed like an organism."
                                                                                                               – Thermodynamic Researcher: Mae-Wan Ho [1996]

Efficiency: the ratio of the useful energy delivered by a dynamic system to the energy supplied to it.  Generally speaking, efficiency is the ratio of work energy output divided by heat energy input.  Technically, a thermal engine, which may be mechanical or not, which takes a heat quantity (QH > 0) from a hot source for returning (QC < 0) to a cold sink and converting difference into useful work (W < 0) has an efficiency defined by [2,3]:

η = -W/QH < 1
The first to define efficiency was the French Engineer Sadi Carnot, who in 1824 noted that it was only the difference in temperature between the hot source and the cold sink that determined efficiency.  He defined efficiency, for a Carnot engine (a hypothetical 'perfect' reversible engine, i.e. one with no friction / heat loss) as:

ηrev  = 1 - TC/TH

For either a reversible (hypothetical) or irreversible (real) engine, as a multi-bonded dihumanide molecular engine or work-yielding human chemical reaction, thermal efficiency is given by the following equation [12]:

η  = 1 - QC/QH

For example, the Sony Corporation, a bonded structure of 162,000 human molecules [11], can be defined as a supra-human-molecular engine, characterized by a definite thermodynamic efficiency.  Loosely speaking, human molecules external to the company, as a system, are generally 'hot' [QH] for Sony products; this accrues to the effect of purchase or energetic exchange of product for revenue, which itself defines bond formation. 
However, there are those human molecules internal to the company, owing to product accessibility, over saturation, etc., that will typically be 'cold' [QC] for Sony product (or sick of it we may say from being around it so much).  Thus, heat or energy in transit flows from the hot source into the cold sink and through the corporation where resultantly work [Wnet, out] or product is produced as output.  Hence, here we can define a specific supra-human molecular organism (engine) efficiency.  Below this level of discernment, as can be shown, any type of efficiency correlates to specific unit-by-unit bond arraignments.  Meaning, in a corporation, for example, if each unit (bonded human molecule) is optimized for productivity, i.e. fit to his or her most 'desired' position, then overall contentment and hence maximal obtainable efficiency results.
Earth Molecule: the definition of the earth when viewed as one 'big' biogeochemical molecule [an aggregate of at least two atoms]; definitively, the bonded interrelation of protons, neutrons, electrons, and field particles that comprise its structural integrity, being chemically-defined according to the following (approximate) ninety-two element molecular formula and commonly-known rotating spherical structure (globe):